Surgeries and procedures require the patient to receive anesthesia, whether that’s general, regional, or local anesthesia. al anesthesia.

  • Local anesthesia is applied topically or just below the skin
  • Regional anesthesia is when a local anesthetic is administered close to the spinal cord or a large nerve or nerve bundle blocking the pain transmission. The patient can stay awake for most of procedures, or get some sedation
  • Under general anesthesia, the patient is rendered unconscious with intravenous and inhaled drugs. These drugs suppress breathing which is then artificially supported during surgery

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While many may think that patients who are under anesthesia are asleep, it is a different state of consciousness. Being under general anesthesia is a state of controlled unconsciousness.

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The overall purpose of using anesthesia is to induce analgesia, or allowing the patient to not feel the pain. Strong analgesics used for surgery are strong narcotics such as morphine, fentanyl, and hydromorphone.

At the beginning of surgery, an anesthesiologist will bring a patient to the state of unconsciousness as quickly as possible, making sure they are in this state for the duration of the surgery, by administering an “induction agent” such as Propofol. Unconsciousness and pain relief is then maintained during surgery with a combination of drugs, which vary on the type of surgery, the pre-existing medical conditions of the patient and many other factors. The patient’s breathing is being supported until spontaneous breathing resumes.

If serious problems arise that lead to a medical malpractice case being filed, an anesthesiologist expert who has the knowledge and experience can offer assistance. Get the expertise, not only of a medical expert, but of an expert witness who can review medical charts and relay important information to attorneys, judges, or juries in a concise manner. The body, how it reacts to drugs, and reasons behind why complications arise are not easily understood. At APEXpert Witness, the expertise that our medical witnesses have will allow you to better examine your case. By reviewing details of the surgery and forming opinions regarding whether sufficient quality of care was given to the patient, attorneys can trust and rely on our medical expert’s judgment. Whether the patient had an allergic reaction or experienced memory loss, the medical experts at APEXpert Witness can assist you.